NDE & Non-Violence
by Paul Hubers
2010.1–3 Report on Apartheid-Nonviolence 101*
_ “Near Death Experience” Gandhian Insights
_ Nonviolence in Haiti and Chile (in terms of Cuba)
_ World Health Care as Human Needs-Oriented Means to Happiness
_ Ten Online Nonviolence Sources on Oil Energy (Middle-East) Issues
“Near Death Experience” Gandhian Insights
_ “Near Death Experience” Gandhian Insights; Near death experiences strengthened Mohandas Gandhi’s view of nonviolence, much like Martin Luther King, Jr.’s mountain-top “I have a dream” experiences. Over time, such near death experience energizes nonviolent power, force, conflict, and coercion or compulsion. Relative U.S. traditions of nonviolence likewise included Alice Paul (PhD, LLD), who wrote the U.S. ERA Amendment, and led suffrage demonstrations against 1913-1921 Wars (WWI), often jailed, beaten severely; A prison door necklace pendant symbolizing her work. In due course, Florence Kelley organized arguments for the U.S. Congress for health care, consumer rights, abolishing child labor, and a 40-hour work week, as likely the first U.S. factory health inspector. Put in Gandhi’s own words, “Where death without resistance or [nonviolent] death after resistance is the only way, neither party should think of resorting to law courts or help from government.... [Needs] demands of equity supersede the letter of law.” Nonviolence, as a word, thus evolved through Mohandas Gandhi’s first employment as an attorney in Durban, RSA, with a Muslim employer and benefactor within a Hindu-Muslim population, at times supported by Dutch-Anglo Quakers and Methodists, along with the African Fort Hare University and Jainist notions of ahimsa (nonviolence), while focused through the Phoenix and Tolstoy Farms-Ashrams, and devoted physically to his family and team sports like soccer, all coordinated in South Africa through his Jewish secretary, Sonia Schlesin.
From the 1890s Mohandas Gandi’s near death experiences ranged deeply, from crowds or police threatening violence or to lynch or beat him to death, toward subsequent liberation campaign struggle — “uniting people riven asunder.” In January 1908, when experimenting with a vegan diet and hunger strike options, a condition like dysentery again almost killed him. His 1908 near death crisis may have resulted from accidentally ingesting cow (not goat) yogurt; after a vegan diet for nearly a decade, missing dairy enzymes able to metabolize animal protein in his gut. Friends like Sarojini Naidu and Vallabhbhai Patel oriented vegan-oriented insights and near death experiences — with his consequent decision to maintain minimal dietary animal protein levels, i.e., relevant enzymes to process meat or dairy products consumed unawares. Intuitive dialogue over diet, fasting to near death, and the slow prison death of his partner, Kasturbai, (caring for her during 1940s war), patterned ongoing nonviolence conceptualization toward changing will power, and so on. Thus nonviolent power, force, conflict and coercion or compulsion may recycle, revise, and transcend worldviews — wherein time, past, current, and future, obtains heuristically and hermeneutically — while universally-violent methodologies lead to illusory, irreducibly-violent future realities.
The Longs’ 2010-released a study of near death experience articulates analogous peace-oriented dialogue, such that death transcends time and language — “I”–“we” living by the power of “tough” love empowering life itself. Near death experiencers know uniformly-common events lucidly, under clinical unconsciousness, regardless of culture — Out-of-body experiences, uncannily-verified; blind sight during anesthesia, even among legally blind; life review playback, impossibly accurate; friend & family “mass” cognition; child-like-adult “memory” consciousness; and peaceable-life after-effects; all sharing worldwide intercultural consistency. These increasingly more commonly-experienced after-effect “glows” displace religious cave-oriented heaven and hell mythology, by coalescing “heavenly” human peace “on earth” needs.
See Mohandas Gandhi, Autobiography (Chapter 152 ), http://www.divine-portal.com/files/esoteric/gandhi%20-%20an%20autobiography.pdf; http://www.cmadras.com/107/107a1.html#_toc127877829; http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/vol014.pdf; http://www.navajivantrust.org/publications/law-lawyers-frame.html; Izzat Yar Khan, Sarojini Naidu: The Poet (New Delhi: S. Chand, 1983), 173; Mohandas Gandhi, Law and the Lawyers, S. B. Kher ed (Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1962), 272-73; Gandhi, In Search of the Supreme (Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1961), 223-61; and George Paxton, Sonja Schlesin, Gandhi’s South African Secretary (Glasgow: Pax, 2006). See also Michael Sonnleitner, Chapter 8, “The Birth of Gandhian Satyagraha: Nonviolent Resistance and Soul Force” in Gandhi’s Experiments With Truth: Essential Writings by and About Mahatma Gandhi, Richard Johnson, ed (Oxford, UK: Lexington, Rowman & Littlefield, 2006); as well as Sonnleitner, Roles of Law & Coercion (or Soul Force & Social Change) according to Mohandas K Gandhi & Martin Luther King Jr. (U of MN, PhD dissertation, 1979); http://gandhiking-convergence.ning.com/profile/MichaelSonnleitner, as well as March 2010 email correspondence between Sonnleitner and web editor. See also Jeffrey & Jody Long, Evidence of the Afterlife: The Science of Near-Death Experiences (HarperCollins, 2010), 159 passim, http://www.nderf.org/; George Gallup, Adventures in Immortality (McGraw-Hill, 1982); Farnaz Ma’sumian, Life After Death, A Study of the Afterlife in World Religions (Kalimat, 1995); and Kenneth Ring & Sharon Cooper, Mindsight, Near-Death and Out-of-Body Experiences in the Blind (Palo Alto CA: Wm James Center, 1999). Given polarizing planetary rates of hunger, poverty, and mass violence, vegan & insect diets may continue to generate hunger-nutrition discourse.
_ Nonviolence in Haiti and Chile (in terms of Cuba);
Post-Earthquake assistance in Haiti and Chile follows both militarily- and nongovernmentally-oriented nonviolence methodologies. As to nonviolence, by 2001, groups like Pax Christi and Peace Brigades International supported Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Haiti’s exiled president; Highlighting illiteracy rates of 85% and attempting to decrease Haiti’s military spending and systemic judicial corruption. In 2004 the Caraïbéen Center for Global NonViolence and Sustainability began to publish cultural notions of nonviolence in Haitian Creole. Medically, Haitian nonviolence may have started from African nonviolence models, by way of the Hospital Albert Schweitzer, Deschapelles, Haiti (1956), from Schweitzer’s Lambarene Hospital (Gabon, Africa 1913). Schweitzer believed that real force derives from a mutual spirit of love, and of freedom from hate. Likeminded Chilean and Argentinian nonviolence has evolved from often-Catholic groups like Servicio Paz y Justicia, through writers like Nobel Prize Winner, Adolfo Pérez Esquivel. Being demographically the closest and largest neighbor of Haiti, Eastern Cuba has shared cultural-musical roots through, especially, Port-au-Prince and Santiago de Cuba, for centuries. Speculation in nonviolence literature exists as to how planetwide “Women in Black” nonviolence phenomena began with women organizing against Franco (Spain) and Batista (Cuba), historically.
Following Hedi Annabi, UN-Tunisia), the UN’s Edmond Mulet (Guatemala) and Kim Bolduc (Canada) continues to internationally coordinate Haiti earthquake relief — Cuban physicians co-developed skeletal Haitian medical services response systems, and so, also, field hospital-level rebuilding. Systematic Cuban efforts matured by way of a Latin American School of Medicine in Havana and Santiago de Cuba, (Escuela Latinoamericana de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana y la de Santiago de Cuba/ELM); ELM Medical Journal: Panorama. Since the early 1970s, in this context, Cuban medical volunteers have helped countries in-need, often coordinated with local nonviolence groups; globally, akin to the U.S. Peace Corps. Mirta Roses Periago, (Argentinian), MD, heading PAHO (Pan American Health Organization), evinces some of the clearest descriptions of such Cuban medical nonviolence in Haiti. She notes that Cuban physicians helped to equip Haiti’s medical first-line-of-defense response — Over 500 medical care personnel and a thousand support staff, via a dozen or so basic field hospitals or diagnostics centers. Since December 1998, over 6,000 Cuban medical volunteers have co-energized a Haitian Comprehensive Health Program, treating 14 million Haitian people, with 50,000 eye operations, 100,000 deliveries and 225,000 surgeries; having already saved 230,000 lives — as the 2010 earthquakes began.
For nonviolence, see http://www.aeinstein.org/organizations/org/InsurrectionaryCivicStrikesinLatinAmerica1931-1961-E.pdf; http://ocha-gwapps1.unog.ch/rw/download/contactlist.pdf; http://www.paxchristiusa.org/pc_haiti_task_force.asp; http://paxchristiayiti.wordpress.com/; Glenn Paige, San Vyolans, San Touye Moun: Pou Yon Lot Syans Politik (Max Paul, … trans, 2009; http://www.nonkilling.org/pdf/creole.pdf; http://www.forusa.org/programs/tflac/HaitiReport604.html; http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Nonkilling_in_Voudou; http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-meurtre; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Price-Mars; http://www.civilresistance.info; and Danroc & Allenbach, Expériences NonViolentes en Haïti: La Paix est Là, Nous la Cherchons (Paris: Karthala; London: P.B.I., 2001), 258 pp. For Schweitzer legacy, see http://www.hashaiti.org/; http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/has/has.html; Stephen Nicholas, “Haiti’s Hospital Albert Schweitzer: The Legacy of Larimer and Gwen Mellon,” 93/4 American Journal of Public Health (April 2003), 527-29; and Predrag Cicovacki, Albert Schweitzer’s Ethical Vision: A Sourcebook (Oxford 2009), 212-214, especially from Schweitzer’s books Peace or Atomic War (1958) and Indian … Development (1934); See also http://www.serpajchile.cl/biblioteca.php#nogo; http://www.rebelion.org/noticia.php?id=102517; http://www.serpajchile.cl/; http://www.serpaj.org; http://www.adolfoperezesquivel.com.ar/; http://www.rebelion.org; http://www.ccngd.org/actualites/resumes-des-conferences-a-partager-au-cycle-de-conferences-sur-jose-marti/; http://www.ccngd.org/articles/the-ccngd-philosophy-structure-progress-and-outlook/; Max Paul, “Is a Non-Killing Haitian Voodoo Religion Possible?” http://www.ccngd.org/articles/is-a-non-killing-haitian-voodoo-religion-possible/; and http://books.google.com/books?id=SPjJ_eZl4CsC&pg=PT53&lpg=PT53&dq=Max+Paul%27s+%28Universit%C3%A9+Jean+Price+Mars&source=bl&ots=xcQT7_FAnL&sig=W2lUs6elrtT1vJwlmLIpkGnrMMs&hl=en&ei=_RdgS_HEOo7OM_P2udwL&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CAkQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=&f=false.
For Cuba and Haiti, see http://www.panorama.sld.cu/; http://www.infomed.sld.cu/; and Julio le Riverend Brusone, (a student of Fernando Ortíz, on interwoven Cuba & Haiti anti-slavery culture and history), as the founder of the National Library of Cuba — referenced in web editor’ PhD dissertation online, from visiting Brusone in his Havana apartment home, for an afternoon in 1989, through dialogue at the Havana University, Instituto de Relaciones Internacionales / ISRI, http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/docs/1992%20PhD%201-9%20+%20Hubers.pdf; and Miriam Gras Mediaceja, “La Sociedad Civil Cubana: Valores, Creencias, Actores y Redes Informales de Comunicación,” 1998, t="_blank"; http://184.108.40.206/ar/libros/lasa98/GrasMediaceja.pdf; Plácido Maceo, “Los Verdes: Algunos Elementos de su Anclaje en la Política Francesa,” http://www.isri.cu/publicaciones/articulos/2008/boletin_0208.pdf; http://www.isri.cu/curriculum/curriculum.htm; Julia Mercedes Carrasco Herrera, Investigadora Centro de Estudios sobre América, “La Economía Haitiana en los Inicios de Siglo XXI,” http://www.isri.cu/publicaciones/articulos/2009/boletin_0409.pdf; and http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.isri.cu%2Fpublicaciones%2Farticulos%2F2009%2Fboletin_0409.pdf.
For Haitian issues, see http://www.elacm.sld.cu/; http://www.ucmh.sld.cu/facu.htm; http://www.radiohc.cu/ingles/a_noticiasdecuba/10/enero/18/cuba2.htm; http://www.radiohc.cu/ingles/a_comentarios/10/enero/ene25-1.htm; See likewise “Dr. Mirta Roses Elected New Director of Pan American Health Organization” — Graduated as a physician surgeon from the National University of Córdoba, infectious diseases epidemiology; further University degrees in Public Health in Buenos Aires and Bahia, Brazil, then headed PAHO’s Caribbean Epidemiology Center (CAREC) Surveillance Unit as epidemiologist in PAHO/WHO — http://www.paho.org/English/DPI/pr020925.htm; http://new.paho.org/cub/; http://www.unwire.org/unwire/20020926/29211_story.asp; Shasta Darlington, “La Paz Hospital in Port au Prince, Cuban-Run Hospital Performs Amputations,” (CNN), 19 Jan 2010; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tw6R2UOGN2Q; http://www.pfront.com/dev/articles/thisjustin.asp; http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/americas/01/19/haiti.cuban.hospital/; http://www.tio.ch/aa_pagine_comuni/articolo_interna.asp?idarticolo=523029&idsezione=9&idsito=1&idtipo=2; http://www.havanatimes.org/?p=18365; http://progreso-weekly.com/2/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1403:cuba-helping-in-haiti-la-paz-hospital-one-of-few-places-haitians-can-turn-to&catid=44:lastest-news&Itemid=61; http://www.cuba.cu/gobierno/reflexiones/2010/ing/f230110i.html; http://beavercountyblue.org/2010/01/16/400-cuban-doctors-already-in-haiti/; http://www.cuba.cu/gobierno/reflexiones/2010/ing/f160110i.html; http://www.cubadebate.cu/reflexiones-fidel/2010/01/17/haiti-pone-a-prueba-el-espiritu-de-cooperacion/; http://murrayfromson.com/fromsonfile/; http://www.huffingtonpost.com/murray-fromson/cubas-rescue-effort-in-ha_b_426631.html; http://www.radiohc.cu/ingles/a_noticiasdecuba/10/enero/25/cuba1.htm; http://www.counterpunch.org/castro01262010.html; http://www.google.com/custom?hl=en&domains=www.radiohc.cu&q=port-au-prince+santiago&btnG=Search&sitesearch=www.radiohc.cu; http://www.prensa-latina.cu/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=154167&Itemid=73; http://www.elnuevoherald.com/noticias/america-latina/story/628742.html; and
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sarah-stephens/to-increase-help-for-hait_b_425224.html; and http://shannonkringen.livejournal.com/.
Beyond alleged debt, one of Haiti’s least secure long-term issues may be its oil reserves, under its core urban Central Plateau, including Thomond, Cul-de-Sac Plain, and Port-au-Prince Bay — possibly more oil than Venezuela. Informally, the U.S. may have already declared its oil reservoir as well as, e.g., its zyconium & uranium 235-238 fields, (including Jacmel), as “strategic reserves” (at transcorporate levels). See Daniel and Ginette Mathurin, “Haiti is Full of Oil,” 28 Jan 2008; http://www.metropolehaiti.com/metropole/full_une_fr.php?id=13439; (“Haïti Regorge de Pétrole Affirment Daniel et Ginette Mathurin”); or http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.metropolehaiti.com%2Fmetropole%2Ffull_une_fr.php%3Fid%3D13439.
_ World Health Care as Human Needs-Oriented Means to Happiness;
Happiness and World Health Care dBase Criteria, Ranked by State, Kind, and Event; Nationally, Costa Rica ranks consistently at the top of the world’s happiest nation-states, on a 10-point “happy life years” scale, where the U.S. places 20th — A scale merging self-reported happiness averages with life expectancy, gender parity, and environmental standards. Urbanizing UN Habitat Reports concur, suggesting also Havana, Cuba, as one of the world’s cities best prepared for mass safety–survival throughout future climatic coastal–hurricane flooding threat scenarios; (Coastal flood threats that may affect at least 10% of the planet’s total population directly).
World’s Happy Planet Index http://www.happyplanetindex.org/;
World’s Health Care dBase http://publishing.eur.nl/ir/repub/asset/14880/2008d-full.pdf;
Journal of Happiness Studies http://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/;
World’s Happiest Nation-States — Mexico to Columbia, much of Caribbean except for Haiti
World Happiness Database http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/07/opinion/07kristof.html;
World’s UnHappiest — Northern America above Mexico, Central-Southern Africa, Burma, Iraq, UAE.
World’s Worst Ecological Footprints & Highest Average Life Expectancy — Northern America above Mexico, Western Europe, plus Iceland, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand.
World War vs Happiness dBase http://publishing.eur.nl/ir/repub/asset/16448/Findings%20on%20Happiness%20and%20WAR.2009.pdf;
UN Gender Gap Reports http://www.weforum.org/en/initiatives/gcp/Gender%20Gap/index.htm;
World Habitat Reports — State of the World’s Cities http://www.unchs.org/downloads/docs/presskitsowc2008/Cuba.pdf;
_ Ten Online Nonviolence Sources on Oil Energy (Middle-East) Issues
1) Nonviolence 101 / Apartheid 101 Websites
2) Nonviolence International (Gaza, West Bank, Egypt), http://nonviolenceinternational.net/; Sabeel–Ecumenical Center, Jerusalem, on Surveys, Elections, and Zionism; http://www.sabeel.org/; http://www.sabeel.org/etemplate.php?id=25;
3) Muslim Peace Fellowship (Fellowship of Reconciliation), http://mpf21.wordpress.com/; http://mpf21.wordpress.com/writers/heartbeat/;
4) Iran, Nonviolence Training, Networking (Bikhoshoonat), http://cssnd.com/content/view/49/31/lang,english/;
5) Peace in ME — Canada, http://peacemagazine.org/archive/search.php?search=middle+east;
6) Environmental, Friends of the Earth ME, http://www.foeme.org/;
7) Futurist Studies, Morocco-Northern Africa, http://www.elmandjra.org/;
8) Chicago on ME–Oil Gulf, http://vcnv.org/writings-by-members-of-voices-for-creative-nonviolence; http://vcnv.org/category/writings-by-kathy-kelly.
9) U.S. Jewish-Americans on ME, http://tikkun.org/article.php?story=magazine_now; and
10) Streaming — Articles Online, Daily, Radio Netherlands, http://www.rnw.nl/english; U.S. Peace Movement, http://www.democracynow.org/; and U.S. Muslim insights, http://podcast.radiotahrir.org/.
Websites Online re Grad/UnderGrad Manual on Nonviolence (in Apartheid Violence) 101
Tools, Writers, Syllabi http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/search.htm; http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/
Updated Monthly => http://home.comcast.net/~apartheid101/search.htm; http://home.comcast.net/~apartheid101/
“Nonviolence” Keyword – Libraries Source Holdings; http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/nv_holdings.htm
As well as NV 101 in Context: Text Background and PhD-MA Dissertations-Theses
http://www.aljazeerah.info/Documents/Conference%20on%20Israel,%20Sanctions%20and%20divestment,%20by%20Paul%20Hubers.htm; http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/nv_texts.htm and http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/phd-ma.htm; & http://www.peacehost.net/Vieques/hubers.html; http://www.members.tripod.com/auspcr/nonviolence.htm; http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/120326.
Provisional Contents — Nonviolence 101; An Experience-based Manual for Approaches, Methods, and Outcomes in Academic and Activist Organization (Word version hyperlinked; pdf); Suggestions Welcome.